The Amazon is the largest rainforest on earth, belonging to nine nations; Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. It represents over half of the planet’s remaining rainforests and contains several ecosystems and animal species. The following are some popular exotic animals found there:
The famous anaconda is the world’s largest, heaviest, and most powerful snake. They grow throughout their entire lifetime and can reach lengths of 30 feet. Although they’re not poisonous, they can wrap their bodies around a target with deadly pressure.
Also called Chigüire and Carpincho, the Capybara is the largest living rodent in the world. It is similar in appearance to cavies and guinea pigs. Capybaras are herbivores, grazing mainly on grasses and aquatic plants as well as fruits and tree bark. They inhabit savannas and dense forests near bodies of water which makes the Amazon basin a perfect home. The Capybara is the preferred prey of the Anaconda.
Golden Lion Tamarin
When you visit Amazon rainforest, coming across unusual animals is not a rare occasion. This is the case with the golden lion tamarin, which is actually a monkey. It gets its name from its bright reddish orange hair that covers its entire body and face. The long hairs that extend to the ears and face create an impressive mane, similar to a lion. They have a very limited distribution range, meaning they live only in coastal lowland forests. They can be found in the hilltop forests and swamp forests of the Amazon.
Also known as the ant bear, this type of sloth feeds primarily on ants and termites. It is recognizable by its long snout, bushy tail, long fore claws, and distinctively colored hair. Their tubular snouts and long tongues are especially made for devouring insects. They can eat thousands of ants at a time and tend to stick to the rainforest floor.
As its name indicates, the skin of the underside of the glass frog is translucent. The top of its body is green while the bottom is see-through. It is so clear that its internal organs are visible, including the heart, liver, and gastrointestinal tract.
Poison Dart Frog
These frogs come in all colors; gold, yellow, red, copper, green, black or blue. Their bright coloration is correlated with the toxicity of the species, the most poisonous being the golden poison arrow frog. Most people think all dart frogs are deadly but aside from golden arrow frog, only 3 of them are lethal. The rest have low amounts of toxicity.
The Macaw is one of the most iconic birds in the Amazon Rainforest. You may recognize them from the movie “Rio”. They are beautiful birds with vibrant colored plumage; some are green and yellow while others are red and blue. Macaws eat a variety of foods including seeds, nuts, fruits, palm fruits, leaves, flowers, and stems. Fun fact: once they find a mate, they stick together for years, flying and eating together. Learn about other things to see in the Ecuadorian Amazon Rainforest here.
Amazon River Dolphin
The Amazon river dolphin is the largest species of river dolphin, with adult males reaching 185 kilograms (408 lb) in weight, and 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length. Male adults can be pink in color giving them the nickname of “pink river dolphin”. This color is due to the fact that their blood capillaries are located near the surface of their skin. Like most dolphins, they rely on their sense of echolocation for navigating and finding prey. However, echolocation in shallow waters and flooded forests is more difficult.
These are only some of the animals that can be spotted during a trip to the Amazon. The jungle is home to thousands of species of wildlife, making it an interesting place to visit. If you are thinking of visiting, make sure to plan ahead of time and conduct research. There are countless Amazon Rainforest tours and accommodations so choose wisely.
If you are looking for an Eco-friendly place where you can feel as if you’re part of the jungle, check out Yacuma ecolodge. We operate using solar energy and actively contribute to preserving their natural environment. Aside from that, we offer multiple tours and day trips that are sure to please any nature enthusiast.